The name "Anaimalai" derives from the Tamil/Malayalam word 'Ana' meaning elephant and 'Malai' meaning hill, thus Elephant Hill.
Main peak is Anamudi (2,695 m), the highest peak in India, south of the Himalayas.
The lower slopes of hills now have tea plantations as well as teak forests.
The Western Ghats, Anaimalai Sub-Cluster, including the Anaimalai Hills, is under consideration for selection as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
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